A Research is the process of conducting an investigation through a systematic study of already existing sources in order to distinguish facts from assumptions; and arrive at a different opinion on a given research. It is a way of objectively deriving content through perusal of both primary and secondary sources for a new conclusion. This entire process is what is known as research methodology. Methodology therefore is the means in which the entire process of data collection is done up until to the final phase of data analysis.
A proper study of the methodology is comprised of a generic framework which is narrowed down into more workable and less complex sub heads like; data collection procedure, area of study, data analysis and the interpretation of data collected. The research process demands that the researcher evaluate available articles in order to broaden information embarking on its organization. The organization of available information begins with the identification and development of a research topic or an interest area. The topic should objective and not subjective.
Upon the identification of a research topic, a statement of the problem is made. Henceforth, arguments made centre on this idea. The formulation of research questions or hypotheses to guide the researcher on data collection. A workable time frame is necessary. The research time frame just like the research topic should not be too broad or too narrow. And also to ensure that a research is not too recent as this might lead to scarcity of sources for a background study on the topic.
To proceed, a research paper outline has to be made. Once an outline is made the researcher then embarks on evaluating articles, doing a review of literature through use of catalogs and the internet to find material. The researcher must understand the need to evaluate both primary and secondary sources to achieve a relevant background.
Interview schedules and archived resources provide articulate and more reliable first hand data in addition to secondary sources. Published textbooks, journals as well as internet sources in data collection. Secondary sources though have the advantage of offering a wide range of knowledge on a given research topic given that previous researchers point of view might be different from theirs. However, one must be keen to avoid plagiarism as these biases a research.
Analysis of collected data separate useful information from data unnecessary for the research is where the research questions come in to guide the researcher on what to use and to leave out. Interpretation of data by use of pie charts, graphs tables and /or tables before embarking on writing a fast draft is important to gauge your research.